Due to the complexity and conflicting nature of engineering construction projects and the large number of participating organizations, cooperation between organizations involved in the project is often not easily achieved. How to effectively motivate benign and efficient cross-organizational cooperation behavior has been a matter of great concern in the academic field and in practical situations. The existing research results were summarised through the current literature on cross-organisational cooperation behaviour in engineering construction projects, a content review and analysis were conducted in terms of influencing factors, evolution and incentive mechanisms, and outcome variables, and VOSviewer's research focuing on the influence mechanisms of cross-organisational cooperation behaviour in engineering construction projects and scholars' cooperation teams, etc. was combined. On this basis future research directions can be further explored in depth.