无人机融入传统空域的空中碰撞风险研究
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Research on Air Collision Risk of UAV Integrated into Traditional Airspace
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    摘要:

    随着工业级无人机在各行业的广泛应用,无人机融入传统空域系统所带来的空中碰撞风险问题备受关注。首先介绍无人机空中碰撞风险的研究现状;然后分析对比几类重要的碰撞风险模型,讨论不同模型的优劣及适用范围;再从有人驾驶航空器的角度,根据运行环境、操作类型、空域限制、管控及服务要求对无人机运行场景进行分类;最后结合碰撞模型与运行场景讨论无人机空中风险定量模型的适用性,提出对未来研究的建议。研究成果旨在为无人机融入传统有人机空域的风险评估提供理论指导,助力无人机法律法规体系的构建。

    Abstract:

    With the wide application of industrial unmanned aerial vehicles in various industries, the air collision risk of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) integrated into traditional airspace systems has attracted much attention. Firstly, the research status of UAV air collision risk was introduced. Then several important collision risk models were analyzed and compared, the advantages and disadvantages of different models and their application scope were discussed. From the perspective of manned aircraft, the operation scenarios of UAV were classified according to the operation environment, operation types, airspace restrictions, control and service requirements; Finally, the applicability of the quantitative model of UAV air risk is discussed by combining the collision model with the operation scenario, and suggestions are put forward for future research. The research results can provide theoretical guidance for the risk assessment of UAV in the integrated airspace and help build laws and regulations system of UAV.

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李丹,黄龙杨,林嘉美霖,李诚龙,兰荣华.无人机融入传统空域的空中碰撞风险研究[J].科技与产业,2023,23(16):141-146

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  • 在线发布日期: 2023-09-25