产业结构变迁对城乡收入差距的影响研究——基于空间杜宾模型的实证分析
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Research on the Effects of Industrial Structure Change on Urban-rural Income Gap: Empirical analysis based on spatial Durbin model
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    摘要:

    基于2001—2021年31个省份面板数据,通过ArcGIS软件绘制局部Moran’s I区域分布图,接着运用Stata17.0建立空间杜宾模型,深入研究产业结构变迁对城乡收入差距的空间溢出效应。结果表明:①产业结构合理化和高级化、城乡收入差距均存在空间集聚特征,产业结构合理化和城乡收入差距空间集聚特征具备区域一致性。②本地区和邻近地区产业结构合理化的正向作用相互叠加,显著加快了城乡收入差距的收敛;本地区城乡收入差距在本地区产业结构高级化影响下显著发散,而在邻近地区产业结构高级化影响下显著收敛,尽管间接效应的收敛作用抵消了直接效应的发散作用,但总效应在统计意义上并不显著。

    Abstract:

    Based on the panel data of 31 provinces in China from 2001 to 2021, the local Moran’s I was drown by ArcGIS software, and then Stata17.0 was used to establish the spatial Durbin model, and the spatial spillover effect of industrial structure change on the urban-rural income gap was deeply studied. The results are as follows. The rationalization and optimization of industrial structure and the urban-rural income gap all have spatial agglomeration characteristics, and the rationalization of industrial structure and the urban-rural income gap have the regional consistency. The positive effects of the rationalization of industrial structure in this region and neighboring regions are superimposed on each other, which significantly accelerates the convergence of urban-rural income gap. The urban-rural income gap in this region significantly diverges under the influence of the optimization of the industrial structure in this region, while it significantly converges under the influence of the optimization of the industrial structure in neighboring areas. Although the convergent effect of the indirect effect offsets the divergent effect of the direct effect, the total effect is not statistically significant.

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张笑婵,李兴东.产业结构变迁对城乡收入差距的影响研究——基于空间杜宾模型的实证分析[J].科技与产业,2023,23(16):50-56

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  • 在线发布日期: 2023-09-25